"In 2016, children and adolescents (1 to 19 years of age) represented a quarter of the total estimated U.S. population1; reflecting relatively good health, they accounted for less than 2% of all U.S. deaths.2 By 2016, death among children and adolescents had become a rare event. Declines in deaths from infectious disease or cancer, which had resulted from early diagnosis, vaccinations, antibiotics, and medical and surgical treatment, had given way to increases in deaths from injury-related causes, including motor vehicle crashes, firearm injuries, and the emerging problem of opioid overdoses. Although injury deaths have traditionally been viewed as “accidents,” injury-prevention science that evolved during the latter half of the 20th century increasingly shows that such deaths are preventable with evidence-based approaches.
In this report, we summarize the leading causes of death in children and adolescents (1 to 19 years of age) in the United States. Unless otherwise indicated, data on deaths were obtained from the Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), known as CDC WONDER,2 in which data are derived from U.S. death certificates compiled from 57 vital-statistics jurisdictions.2 Data are presented for 2016, the most recent year with national data available.2 Where appropriate, rates are expressed per 100,000 children and adolescents and include the 95% confidence interval..."